Lupus is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that affects multiple organ systems. Each patient is uniquely affected by lupus. Some of the most common symptoms of lupus include rash, joint and muscle pain, kidney disorder, and neurological disorder.

Diagnosis of lupus

Since disease symptoms vary widely from patient to patient, it is difficult to precisely define when an individual should be diagnosed with lupus. The American College of Rheumatology defined eleven different symptoms lupus patients may experience. If an individual experiences at least four of the eleven symptoms, a physician may make a lupus diagnosis. Doctors use laboratory tests, physical examinations, and patient histories to make their diagnoses.

Read more about lupus symptoms and diagnosis.

Treatment of lupus

Just as symptoms are varied, so too are treatments. The potency of a patient’s treatment regimen is determined by the severity of the patient’s symptoms. The least potent medications are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Up to 80% of lupus patients take an NSAID, and these drugs alleviate pain and inflammation. The most potent medications are immunosuppressant drugs. These drugs inhibit key inflammatory pathways that may be causing autoimmune reactions in patients.

Read more about lupus treatments.

Note: Lupus News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.